Temple Jeremiah

Glossary of Hebrew Terms

Aliyah (Aliyot)……………………………….literal meaning: “to go up”. This word is also used in two ways: (1) to reference the blessings before and after reading the Torah, and (2) to refer to a set of verses of Torah (a minimum of 3) that are chanted

Avodah……………………………………….worship

Bar (Mitzvah)…………………………………son of (commandment)

Bat (Mitzvah)…………………………………daughter of (commandment)

Beit Sefer……………………………………..school

Bimah…………………………………………elevated platform in the Sanctuary from which the service is conducted

B’nai Mitzvah…………………………………children of the commandments; can refer to a group of boys or boys and girls (plural of Bar & Bat Mitzvah)

B’not………………………………………….children of the commandments; refers to a group comprised only of girls (plural of Bat Mitzvah)

D’var Torah…………………………………..word of Torah; this refers to the speech given during the Bar/Bat Mitzvah service, or any service, that teaches a lesson from the Torah portion

Tikkun Olam………………………………….repairing the world

Haftarah………………………………………a reading from the Book of Prophets or Writings, selected to correspond with the weekly Torah portion

Kavod…………………………………………respect

Kippah (Kippot)………………………………head covering(s); also called yarmulkes (in Yiddish)

Minyan…………………………………………the minimum number of people necessary for some religious practices, including certain prayers of the worship service

Mitzvah……………………………………….commandment

Parashah………………………………………Torah portion

Shabbat………………………………………..Sabbath; Friday at sunset through Saturday one hour after sunset

Simchah……………………………………….happy occasion

Tallit (Tallitot)…………………………………prayer shawl(s)

Torah…………………………………………..scroll containing the Five Books of Moses

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